• Thu, February 23, 2017

Kosher Guide

Taking Challah:
From every batch of dough containing 1.25 Kg (2 lbs. 10 oz.) of flour or more, one must take 'Challah', i.e. take a small portion of dough and say 'Harei Zeh Challah'. On dough larger than 2.25 Kg (5 lbs.), the following Brocho is recited. Baruch Ata Ado-nai Elo-Heinu Melech Haolam Asher Kideshanu BMitvotov VTzivanu LHafrish Challah Min Haisa.

(Blessed are You Hashem Our L-rd, King of the Universe, Who sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to separate Challah from the dough.) One must then take Challah. The separated pieces should be placed in a marked receptacle. All the pieces must be put in a special container to burn. Should it not be possible to burn the 'Challah' then it should be double-wrapped and discarded.

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Vegetable Checking:

Many vegetables in use today are likely to be infested by insects and/or worms. These pests are usually difficult to detect because they are often the same color as the vegetable and/or they are extremely small - barely visible to the naked human eye. They can be as small as the period-dot at the end of a sentence. Due to this serious problem and the great effort required to check them properly, only certain vegetables are permitted for use in MK establishments. Others have restrictions and can only be used after the vigorous cleaning and checking procedures set forth below:

The policies below are the Vaad policies of the products being allowed in public institutions with Vaad certification.

Should you wish to use these products in your private home, please consult your Rabbi.

Light Box: A fluorescent light box can to be purchased to check the vegetables more rapidly and efficiently.

The leaves should be dried off and then placed flat on the box and carefully examined. The leaves must then be turned over and re-examined.

Although there may be various items listed below which may carry recognized Hashgachas, due to the problems of infestation, the Vaad Ha'ir has implemented the following guidelines:


- Anise: The top must be cut off. Each leaf must be separated, and then be washed under running water on both sides and at that point one should make a visual inspection.



- Apricots - Dried: These must be opened and randomly spot-checked for mite infestation. This is especially necessary when using inferior quality apricots such as Turkish apricots.


- Artichoke Bottoms, Canned or Frozen: with an approved Hashgacha are accepted.


- Artichokes - Heart of Artichoke may not be used at all even with Hashgacha. This applies to fresh, frozen or canned.


- Asparagus - Green - Fresh Asparagus may only be used if the whole floret is cut off, the sides peeled and all brads have been removed. Ensure that every brad is taken off and each asparagus is totally smooth and then thoroughly rinsed. Only Bodek brand frozen asparagus may be used without checking. Other brands of canned or frozen asparagus, regardless if it has Hashgacha or not, may not be used.


- Asparagus - Fresh White Asparagus may be used as is. Canned or frozen must bear a reliable Hechsher.

- Basil - Wash in a soapy water solution. Sponge both sides of the leaf and rinse under water. Spot-check the basil.


- Beans - Dried Beans should be checked with a visual inspection.


- Blackberries - Blackberries may not be used due to the fact that it is difficult to check for infestation.


- Blueberries - Only cultivated blueberries may be used. These must be washed well, and looked over.


- Broccoli - Fresh. Only fresh broccoli stems may be used and must be washed with a brush under running water.


- Broccoli - Frozen. Only Bodek or B-Tam brand frozen broccoli may be used.


- Brussels Sprouts - Due to the difficulty of inspection of each Brussels sprout leaf, these may not be used.

- Cabbage - Cabbage may be prepared in any of the following ways:

The heads of cabbage must be placed in the freezer and frozen for 48 hours. Thereafter the cabbage is to be defrosted after which each leaf must be washed under strong running water, ensuring that the water reaches each part of the cabbage. If there are any folds or crevices, the water must also be run over those areas. At that point the cabbage is acceptable. (This system is only good for cabbage that is going to be cooked and not for salads).


The four outside leaves of the cabbage must be removed and discarded. Cut the cabbage into quarters and separate all the leaves. Put into a solution of either

a). vinegar and water or b). salt and water.

Leave the cabbage in the solution for five minutes. The solution is made up of one teaspoon salt to every litre of water. Should vinegar be used, taste the solution and ensure that it contains a strong vinegar flavor. Thereafter the cabbage should be rinsed off. The water should be shaken off and dried whereafter every single leaf should be inspected to make sure that it is insect-free.


Each leaf of the cabbage should be taken apart. It should be put into a solution of soap and water containing one teaspoon of soap to a litre of water. Stir 2-3 times and leave the cabbage for 5 minutes in the solution. Both sides of each leaf should then be sponged off including folds and crevices, rinsed off very well and then it is acceptable.


Bodek brand cabbage may be used without checking.

- Cabbage - Red - The same rules as white cabbage above apply.


- Cauliflower - Fresh cauliflower may not be used.


- Cauliflower - Frozen - Only the frozen Bodek or B-Tam brand are acceptable.


- Celery - All leaves of the celery including those on the heart must be cut off. A vegetable brush must be used and under strong running water, both sides of the celery must be brushed to ensure that it is insect-free.


- Chicory - May not be used.


- Coriander - Soak in a soapy water solution for five minutes. Remove the coriander. Check the water. If the water is clean, then spot check the coriander and cut it very finely in order to use. If the water is not insect-free, repeat the process. If on the third time, the water is not insect-free, discard it.

- Dates - All dates must be opened and spot-checked to ensure that the dates are not infested. The most common form of infestation in dates is a small off-white worm.  Tunisian Dates in retail packaging should NOT be used.


- Dates - Glazed - Glazed dates should not be used unless bearing an approved Hechsher and must be checked for infestation.


- Dates - Pressed - Pressed dates may not be used.


- Dill - Fresh dill may not be used. However if one would like to have a dill flavor, the dill is to be placed into a tightly woven cloth, tied and cooked. Thereafter the dill should be discarded.


- Dill Dried - Dried dill is acceptable and must have an approved Hechsher.

- Endives - Each leaf must be washed well under running water. This vegetable should not be confused with curly endives known as chicory.


- Edible Flowers - Edible flowers may not be used.

- Figs - No Dried figs are to be used.


- Fresh Figs - Californian figs only.  The bottom must be cut off, a few figs from each box must be spot-checked by being cut into quarters and examined for infestation.


- Flour - Open bags of flour should be stored in a cool place.

- Garlic - When garlic is being peeled or prepared for the next day, they should either have a small amount of salt, oil, sugar or vinegar added.

- Leek - Cut off the root approximately cm from the bottom. The green leaves on top should be cut off. The leek should then be split open down the side. They should then be spread out and each leaf washed and examined. To use the top green leaves for decoration, food-tying or any other purpose, the leaves must be split, washed on each side and brushed. They may then be used.


- Lettuce - Only Iceberg and Boston lettuce may be used and should be prepared in any of the following ways:


The four outside leaves of the lettuce must be removed. Cut the lettuce into quarters and separate all the leaves. Put into a solution of either

a) vinegar and water or b) salt and water.

The solution is made up of one teaspoon salt to every litre of water. Should vinegar be used, taste the solution and ensure that it contains a strong vinegar flavor. Leave the lettuce in the solution for five minutes. Thereafter the lettuce should be rinsed off. The water should then be shaken off whereafter every single leaf should be inspected including all folds and crevices, to make sure that it is insect-free.


Each leaf of the lettuce should be taken apart. It should be put into a solution of soap and water; one teaspoon of soap to a litre of water. Stir 2-3 times and leave the lettuce for 5 minutes. Both sides of each leaf should then be sponged off including folds and crevices, rinsed off very well. It is then acceptable.


Bodek brand lettuce may be used.

- Mint - Dry mint may be used.


- Mint - Fresh - Should fresh mint be required for tea, only the mint leaves are to be cooked. The essence from the leaves should be poured through a filter. Only the essence may be used


Put the mint into a tightly woven cloth and into the hot water. Then discard the mint.

- Mushrooms - Mushrooms should be rinsed very well.


- Mushrooms - Dried - Dried or powdered mushrooms may only be used with a reliable Hechsher.

- Onions - Must be peeled and the first top layer taken off and then washed. When onions are being prepared for the next day, they should either have a small amount of salt, oil, sugar or vinegar added.


- Oregano - Dried - Dried oregano is acceptable.


- Oregano - Fresh oregano may not be used.

- Parsley - Dried parsley with an approved Hechsher is acceptable.


- Parsley - Fresh parsley may not be used. If parsley flavor is required, the parsley must be put into a tightly woven cloth, tied and cooked. Thereafter the parsley should be discarded.


- Peppers - Green and Red peppers must be cut open. A quick visual inspection should take place to ensure that there is no infestation.


- Pickles - Dill - Dill pickles must be washed before being served.

- Radicchio - Radicchio should be washed well, leaf by leaf, on both sides and may then be used.


- Raspberry - Raspberries may not be used.

- Scallion - Only the white part of the scallion may be used.


- Spinach - Dry spinach is acceptable with an approved Hashgacha of the Vaad.


- Spinach - Fresh - Fresh spinach may not be used.


- Spinach - Frozen - Only B-Tam and Bodek brand are acceptable.

- Vine Leaves - The vine leaves should be placed into a solution of soapy water, sponged on both sides and then rinsed.

Vegetables - Hydroponic or Greenhouse: These vegetables are not free of infestation and require the same rules of checking as above. Only those vegetables listed above may be used.

IMPORTANT NOTE: There are items that may have been omitted from the above list. This does not mean that it is acceptable without checking. For an item not included in the above list, check with the Vaad whether it may be used, if it needs inspection and how to do so.

CANNED VEGETABLES: Only canned vegetables bearing an approved Hechsher may be used.



Whole, cut up or pureed frozen fruit are acceptable without Hashgacha.  Pureed frozen fruit is only acceptable with 90% fruit and 10% sugar even without a Hechsher.


FROZEN VEGETABLES: Only frozen vegetables bearing an approved Hechsher may be used



Olives must bear an approved Hechsher.



Ground spices are required to be in their original container and must bear an approved Hechsher. Whole spices in their original container are accepted without bearing Kosher certification. However, spices from Israel must have approved Kosher certification. Separate salt and spice containers must be in place for meat, dairy and pareve.


VEGETABLES FOR DECORATION: Vegetables listed above which may be prone to infestation may not be used even for decorative purposes unless they have been checked as per the above rules. Vegetables which cannot be checked may not be used for decorative purposes at all.




Put liver on grill, put a little bit of salt on the liver, after one side has been broiled, turn it over, broil liver until no blood is inside (take a few pieces from each batch and cut open to check inside is broiled).  When finished, put in cold water or brush with cold water.  Clean grill 100 % with brush.  Let it burn for 2 minutes.  Then you can put new liver on the grill. 

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Alcoholic Beverages:




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Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America

The Organized Kashrus Laboratories

Star-K Kosher

Kof-K Kosher Supervision

Kashrus Council of Canada

Orthodox Rabbinical Council of British Columbia

Chicago Rabbinical Council

Beth Din Hameyuchud LInyonei Kashrus of the Central Rabbinical Council (Hishachdus Horabbonim)

Bais Din of Crown Heights Vaad Hakashrus

Khal Adath Jeshurun

Rabbi Gershon Mendel Garelik - Italy

Badatz Mehadrin

Rabbi Moshe Yehuda Leib Landau

The Bais Din Tzedek of the Eida Hachareidis of Jerusalem

Chug Chasam Sofer

The Bais Din Tzedek of Agudath Israel, Moetzes HaKashrus

The Bais Din Tzedek of Khal Machzikei Hadas - Maareches Hakashrus

Scroll-K of Denver

Sheris Yisroel

Kedassia - The Joint Kashrus Committee of England

Manchester Beth Din

Rabbi Shmuel Yaffa-Shlessinger (Strasbourg)

Rabbi Y.D. Frankfurter (Paris)

Rabbi Mordechai Seckbach (Strasbourg)

Kashrus Department of the Beth Din of Johannesburg



- Albacore See: Mackerel
- Alewife See: Herring
- Amberjack See: Jack
- Anchovies (Family Engraulidae). Including: European anchovy (Engraulis encrasciolus), North of California anchovy (Engraulis mordax).
- Angelfish and butterfly fish (Family Chaetodontidae). Including: Angelfish(Holacanthus species, Pomacanthus species).
- Atlantic Pomfret or Ray's Bream (Brama brama)


- Ballyhoo See: Flyingfish
- Barracuda (Family Sphyraenidae) Including: Barracuda and kakus (Sphyraena species).
- Bass, Sea Bass Temperate bass, Sunfish, Drums
- Bigeye (Family Priacanthidae). Including: Bigeyes or aweoweos (Priacanthus species).
- Blackfish See: Carp, Wrass
- Blacksmith See: Damselfish
- Blueback See: Flounder, Herring, Trout
- Bluefish or snapper blue (Pomatomus saltarix)
- Bluegill See: Sunfish
- Bocaccio See: Scorpionfish
- Bombay duck (Harpadeon nehereus)
- Bonefish (Albula vulpes)
- Bonito See: Cobia, Mackerel
- Bowfin Freshwater dogfish, or grindle (Amia calva)
- Bream See: Carp, Atlantic pomfret, Porgie
- Brill See: Flounder
- Buffalo fish See: Sucker
- Burbot See: Codfish
- ButterFish (Family Stromateidae), Including: Butterfish (Peprilus tracanthus);

Pacific pompano (Peprilus similimus); harvestfish (Peprilus species)
- Butterfly fish See: Angelfish


- Cabrilla See: Sea Bass
- Calico bass See: Sunfish
- Capelin See: Smelt
- Carp and minnow (Family Cyprinidae), Including: the carp, leather carp, mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio); Crucian carp (Carassius carassius); Goldfish (Carassius auratus); tench (Tinca tinca); Splittail (Pogonichthys macrolepidotus); Squawfish (Ptychocheilus species); Scramento backfish or hardhead (Orthodon microlepidotus); Freshwater bream (Abramis species, Blicca species); Roach (Rutilus rutilus).
- Carosucker See: Sucker
- Caviar (Must be from a kosher fish) See: Trout and whitefish (salmon), Lumpsucker (non kosher), Sturgeon (non kosher).
- Cero See: Mackerel
- Channel bass See: Drums
- Char See: Trout
- Chilipepper See: Scorpionfish
- Chinook salmon See: Trout
- Chup See: Trout, Sea chubs
- Cichlid (Family Chichilidae), Including: Tilapias (Tilapia species); Mozambique mouthbrooder (Tilapia mossambica); Cichlios (Cichlasoma species); Rio Grande perch (Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum)
- Cigarfish See: Jack
- Cisco See: Trout
- Coalfish See: Codfish
- Cobia, cabio, or black bonito (Rachycentron canadum) Cod, cultus, black, blue, or ling. See: Greenling, Sablefish
- Codfish (Family Gadidae), Including: Cod (Gadus morhua), Haddock (Melanogrammus aegiefinus); Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus); Pollock, saithe, or coalfish (Pollachius virens); Walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma); Hake (Urophycis species); Whiting (Meriangiu meriangus); Blue whiting or poutassou (Micromesistius poutassou); Burbot, lawyer, or freshwater ling (lota lota); Tomcods or frostfish (Microgradus species).
- Coho salmon See: Trout
- Corbina or Corvina See: Drums
- Cottonwick See: Grunts
- Crapplie See: Sunfish
- Creville See: Jack
- Croacker See: Drums
- Crucian carp See: Carp
- Cubbyu See: Drums
- Cunner See: Wrass


- Dab See: Flounder
- Damselfish (Family Pomacentridae). Including: Blacksmith (Chromis punctipinnis); Garibaldi (Hypsypops rubicunda).
- Doctorfish See: Surgeonfish
- Dolly Varden See: Trout
- Dolphin fish or mahimahis (Coryphaena species) Not to be confused with the Mammal called Dolphin or Porpoise, which is non kosher.
- Drums and croaker (Family Sciaenidae), Including: Seatrout and carvina (Cynoscion species); Weakfish (Cynoscion nebulosus); White seabass (Cynoscion nobillis); Croaker (micropogon species, Bairdiella species, Odontoscion species); Silver perch (Bairdiella chyrsura); White or King croaker (Genyonemus lineatus); Black croaker (cheilottena saturnum); Spotfin croaker (Roncadorstearnsi); Yellowfin croaker(Umbrinaroncador); Drums (Pogonias species, Stellifer species, Umbrina species); Red drum or channel bass (Sciaenops ocallata); Freshwater drum (Aplodinotus grunniens); Kingfish or king whiting (Menticirrhus species); California corbina (Menticirrhus undulatus); spot or lafayette (Leiostomus xanthurus); Queenfish (Seriphus politus); Cubbyu or ribbon fish (Equetus umbrosus).

- Eulachon See: Smelt


- Flounder (Families Bothidae and Pleuronectidae). Including: Flounder (Paralichthys species, Liopsetta species, Platichthys species,etc.); Starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus); Summer flounder or fluke (Paralichthys denatus); Yellowtail flounder (limanda ferrugina); Winter flounder, lemon sole or blackback (Pseudopleuronectes americanus); Halibut (Hippoglossus species); California halibut (Paralichthys Californicus); Bigmouth sole (Hippoglossina stomata); Butter of scalyfin sole (Isopsetta isolepis); "Dover" sole (Microstomus pacificus); "English" sole (Parophrys vetulus); Fantail sole (Xystreurys liolepis); Petrale sole (Eopsetta jordan); Rex sole (Glyptocephalus zichirus); Rock sole (Lepidopsetta bilineata); Sand Sole (Psettichthys melanostictus); Slender sole (Lyopsetta exillis); Yellowfin sole (Limanda aspera); Pacific turbots (Pleuronichthys species); Curlfin turbot or sole (Pleuronichthys decurrens); Diamond turbot (Hypsopsetta guttulata); Greenland turbot or halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides); Sanddab (Citharichthys species); Dab (Limanda species); American plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides); European plaice (Pleuronectes platessa); Brill (scophthalmus rhomus). But not including: European turbot (Scophthalmus maximus or Psetta maximus).
- Fluke See: Flounder
- Flyingfish and halfbeak (Family Exocoetidae); Flyingfish (Cypselurus species, and others); Ballyhoo or balao (Hemiramphus species).
- Frostfish See: Codfish


- Gag See: Sea bass
- Garibaldi See: Damselfish
- Giant kelpfish (Heterostichus rostratus)
- Gizzard shad See: Herring
- Goatfish or surmullet (Family Mullidae). Including: Goatfish (Mullus species, Pseudupeneus species); Wekes or goatfish (Mulloidichthys species, Upeneus species); Kumu (Parupeneus species); Red mullet (Mullus surmuletus).
Gobies (Family Gobidae), Including: Bigmouth sleeper or guavina (Gobiomorus dormitor); Sirajo goby (sicydium plumieri)
- Goldeye and mooneye (Hiodon alosoides and Hiodon tergisus).
- Goldfish See: Carp
- Grayling See: Trout
- Graysby See: Sea bass
- Greenling (Family Hexagrammidae), Including: Greenling (Hexagrammos species); Kelp greenling or seatrout (Hexagrammos decagrammus); Lingcod, cultus orblue cod (Ophiodonelongatus); Atkamackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius).
- Grindle See: Bowfin
- Grouper See: Sea bass
- Grunion See: Silversides
- Grunt (Family Pomadasyldae), Including; Grunt (Haemulon species, Pomadasys species); Margate (Haemulon album); Tomtate (Haemulon aurolineattum); Cottonwick (Haemulon melanurum); Sailors choice (Haemulon parral); Porkfish (Anisotremus virginicus); Black margate (Anisotremus surinamensis); Sargo (Anisotremus davidsoni); Pigfish (Orthopristis chrysoptera).
- Guavina See: Gobie


- Haddock See: Codfish
- Hake See also Codfish
- Hake (Family Meriucciidae), Including: Hake (Merluccius species); Silver hake or whiting (Meriuccius bilinearis); Pacific hake or meriuccio (Meriuccius productus)
- Halfbeak See: Flying fish
- Halfmoon See: Sea chubs
- Halibut See: Flounder
- Hamlet See: Sea bass
- Hardhead See: Carp
- Harvestfish See: Butterfish
- Hawkfish (Family Cirrhitidae). Including: Hawkfish (Cirrhitus species).
- Herring (Family Clupeidae), Including: Atlantic and Pacific herring (Clupae harengus subspecies); thread herring (Opisthonema species); Shads (Alosa species); Shad or glut herring, or blueback (Alosa aestivalis); Hickory shad (Alosa mediocris); Alewife or river herring (Alosa pseudoharengus); Gizzard shads (Dorosoma species); Menhaden or mossbunker (Brevoortia species); Spanish sardines (Sardineila anchovia); European sardine or pilchard (Sardina pilchardus); Pacific sardine or pilchard (Sardinops sagax); Spart (Sprattus sprattus)
- Hind See: Sea bass
- Hogchocker See: Sole
- Hogfish See: Wrass
- Horse mackerel See: Jack


- Jack Mackerel See: Jack
- Jack and Pompanos (Family Charangidae) Including: Pompanos, palometas, and permits (Trachionotus species); Amberjacks and yellowtails (Seriola species); California yellowtail (Seriola dorsalls); Scads and cigarfish (Decapterus species, Selar species, Trachurus species); Jack mackerel or horse mackerel (Trachurus symmetricus); Jacks and uluas (Caranx species, Carangoides species); Crevalles (Caranx species); Blue runner (Caranx crysos); Rainbow runner (Elagatis bipinnulata); Moonfish (Vomer species); Lookdown (Selene vomer); Leatherback or lae (Scomberoides sanctipetri); BUT NOT INCLUDING: Leatherjacket (Oligoplites saurus).
- Jacksmelt See: Silverside
- Jewfish See: Sea bass
- John Dory (Zeus faber)


- Kelpfish See: Giant Kelpfish
- Kingfish See: Drum, mackerel,

- Ladyfish, or tenpounder (Elops saurus)
- Lafayette See: Drum
- Lake Herring See: Trout
- Lance or Launce See: Sand lance
- Largemouth bass See: Sunfish
- Lawyer See: Codfish
- Leatherback See: Jack
- Lingcod See: Greenling
- Lizardfish (Family Synodontidae)
- Lookdown See: Jack


- Mackerel See also: Jack
- Mackerel, Atka See: Greenling
- Mackerel and tuna (Family Scombridae), Including: Mackerel (Scomber species, Scomberomorus species, Auxis species); Spanish mackerel, cero, and sierra (Scomberomorus species); King mackerel or kingfish (Scomberomorus cavalla); Bonitos (Sarda species); Wahoo (Acanthocybius solanderi); tuna (Thunnus species, Euthynnus species); Skipjack tuna (Euthynnus or Katsuwonus species); Albacore (thunnus alalunga) But not including: Snake mackerel
- Mahimahi See: Dolphin fish
- Margate See: Grunt
- Menhaden See: Herring
- Menpachii See: Squirrelfish
- Merluccio See: Hake
- Milkfish or awa (Chanos chanos)
- Mojarras (Family Gerreidae) including: Mojarras (Eucinostomus species, Gerres species, Diapterus species)
- Monkeyface Prickleback (Cebidichthys violaceus)
- Mooneye See: Goldeye
- Moonfish See: Jack
- Mossbunker See: Herring
- Mouthbrooder See: Cichlid
- Mullet See: Goatfish
- Mullets (Farnily Mugilidae) including: Mullets and amaamas (Mugil species); Uouoa (Neomyxus chaptallii); Mountain mullets or dajaos (agonostomus species)
- Muskellunge See: Pike
- Mutton hamlet See: Sea bass
- Muttonfish See: Snapper


- Needlefish (Family Beslonidae) Needlefish or marine gars (strongylura species, Tylosuru species)


- Opaleye See: Sea club


- Palometa See: Jack
- Parrotfish (Family Scaridae) including: Parrotfish and uhus (Scarus species, Siparisoma species)
- Perch See also: Temperate basses, Drums, Cichlid, Surfperch, Scorpionfish Perches (Family Percidae) including: Yellow perch (Perca flavescens); Walleye, pike perch, or yellow or blue pike (Stizostedion vitreum); Sauget (Stizostedion canadense)
- Permit See: Jack
- Pickerel See: Pike
- Pigfish See: Grunt
- Pike See also: Perch
- Pike (Family Esocidae) including; Pike (esox lucius); Pickerel (Esox species); Muskellunge (esox masquinongy)
- Pikeperch See: Perch
- Pilchard See Herring
- Pinfish See: Porgie
- Plaice See: Flounder
- Pollock See Codfish
- Pomfret See: Atlantic Pomfret
- Pompano See: Jack, Butterfish
- Porgie and sea bream (Family Sparidae). Including: Porgie (Calamus species, Diplodus species, Pagrus species); Scup (Stenotomus chrysops); Pinfish (Lagodon rhomboides); Sheepshead (Archosargus probatocephalus)
- Porkfish See: Gruntt
- Poutassou See: Codfish
- Prickleback See: Monkeyface prickleback, Rockprickleback (non kosher).


- Queenfish See: Drum
- Quillback See: Sucker


- Rabalo See: Snook
- Ray's bream See: Atlantic pomfret
- Red snapper See: Snapper Redfish See: Scorpionfish, Wrass
- Roach See: Carp
- Rock bass See: Sunfish
- Rockhind See: Sea bass
- Rockfish See: Scorpionfish. Temperate bass
- Rosefish See: Scorpionfish
- Rudderfish See: Sea chub
- Runner See: Jack


- Sablefish or black cod (Anoplopoma fimbria)
- Sailors choice See: Grunt Saithe See: Codfish
- Salmon See: Trout
- Sand lance, launce (A mmodytes species)
- Sardine See: Herring
- Sargo See: Grunt
- Sauger See: Perch
- Scad See: Jack
- Scamp See: Sea bass
- Schoolmaster See: Snapper
- Scorpionfish (family Scorpaenidae), Including: Scorpionfish (Scorpaena species); California scorpionfish or sculpin (Scorpaena guttata); Nohus (Scorpaenopsis species); Redfish, rosefish, or ocean perch (Sebasters marinus); rockfish (Sebasters species, Sebastodes species); Pacific ocean perch (Sebastes alutus); Chilipepper (Sebastes goodel); Bocaccio (Sebastes paucipinus); Shortspine thornyhead or channel rockfish (Sebastolobus alascanus)
- Scup See: Porgie
- Sea bass See also: Temperate bass, drum Sea bass (Family Serranidae) including: Black sea bass (Centropristis species); Groupers (Epinephelus species, and Mycteroperca species); Rockhind (Epinephelus adscensionis); Speckled hind (Epinephelus drummondhayi); Red hind (Epinephelus guttatus); Jewfish (Epinephelus itajara); Spotted cabrilla (Epinephelus analogus); Gag (Mycteroperca microlepis); Scamp (Mycteroperca phenax); Graysby (petrometopon cruentatum); Mutton hamlet (Alphestes afer) Sand bass, kelp bass, and spotted bass (Paralabrax species)
- Sea bream See: Porgie
- Sea chub (Family Kyphosidae) including: Bermuda chug or rudderfish (Kyphosus sectatrix); Opaleye (Girella nigrican); Halfmoon (Medialuna californiensis)
- Seaperch See: Surfperch
- Searobin (Family Triglidae); Searobin (Prionotus species)
- Seatrout See: Drum, Greenling, Steelhead
- Shad See: Herring
- Sheepshead See: Porgie, Wrass
- Sierra See: Mackerel
- Silverside (Family Athernidae) including: Whitebait, spearing, or silversides (Menidia species); California grunion (Leurusthes tenuis); Jacksmelt (Atherinopsis californiensis); Topsmelt (Atherinops affinis)
- Sirajo goby See: Gobie
- Skipjack See Mackerel
- Sleeper See Gobie
- Smallmouth bass See Sunfish
- Smelt (Family Osmeridae) including: Smelt (Osmerus species); Capelin (Malotus villosus); Eullachon (Thaleichthys pacificus)
- Snapper blue See: Bluefish
- Snapper (Family Lutjanidae) including: Snapper (Lutjanus species); Schoolmaster (Lutjanus apodus); Muttonfish or mutton snapper (Lutjanus analis); Red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus); Yellowtail snapper (Ocyurus chrysurus); Kalikali (Pristipomoides sieboldi); Opakapaka (Pristipomoides microlepis); Onaga (Etelis carbunculus)
- Snook (Family Centropomidae) including: Snook orrabalo (Centropomus species)
- Sockeye salmon See: Trout
- Sole See also: Flounder
- Soles (Family Soleidae), Including: Sole or true sole (solea solea); Lined sole (Achirus lineatus); Hogchoker (Trinectes maculatus).
- Spadefish (Family Ephippidae). Including: Spadefish (Chaetodipterus species)
- Spanish mackerel See: Mackerel
- Spearing See: Silverside
- Splittail See: Carp
- Spot See: Drum
- Sprat See: Herring
- Squawfish See: Carp
- Squirrelfish (Family Holocentridae), Including: Squirrelfish (Holocentrus species); Menpachii (Myripristis species).
- Steelhead See: Trout
- Striped bass See: Temperate bass
- Sucker (Family Catostomidae). Including: Buffalo fish (Ictiobus species); Suckers (Catostomus species, Moxostoma species); Quillback or carpsucker (Carpiodes species)
- Sunfish(Family Centrarchidae). Including: Freshwater bass (Micropterus species); Largemouth bass (Microterus salmoides); Smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui); - Sunfish (Lepomis species); Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus); Warmouth (Lepomis macrochirus); Rock bass or red eye (Ambloplites rupestris); Crappies or calico bass (Pomoxis species)
- Surfperch (Famly Embiotocidae). Including: Surfperch (Amphistichus species, Hyperprosopon species); Seaperch (Embiotoca species, Hypsurus species, Phanerodon species, Rhacochilus species); Blackperth (Embiotoca jacksoni); Pile perch (Rhacochilus vacca); Shiner perch (Cymatogaster aggregata).
- Surgeonfish (Family Acanthuridae). Including: Surgeonfish and tang (Acanthurus species, Zebrasoma species); Doctorfish (Acanthurus chirugus); Unicornfish or kalas (Naso species).


- Tang See: Surgeonfish
- Tarpon (Megalops atlantica)
- Tautog See: Wrass
- Temperate bass (Family Percichthyidae). Including: Striped bass or rockfish (morone saxatillis); Yellow bass (Morone mississippiensis); White bass (Morojne chrysops); White perch (Morone americana); Giant California sea bass (Stereolepis gigas)
Tench See: Carp
- Tenpounder See Ladyfish
- Threadfins (Family polynemidae) including: Blue bobo (Polydactylus approximans); Barbu (Polydactylus virginicus); Moi (Polydactylus sexfilis)
- Tilapia See: Cichlid
- Tilefish (Family Branchiostegidae) including: tilefish (Logholatilus chamaeleonticeps) Ocean whitefish (Caulolatilus princeps)
- Tomcod See: Codfish
- Tomtate See: Grunt
- Tomsmelt See: Silverside
- Tripletail (Lobotes surinamensis)
- Trout and whitefish (Family Salmonidae) including: Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar); Pacific salmon (Oncorhtnchus species); Coho or silver salmon; sockeye, blueback or red salmon; chinook, king or spring salmon; pink or humpback salmon; chum, dog or fall salmon, Trout (Salmo species) Brown trout, rainbow trout or steelhead, cutthroat trout, golden trout, Chars (Salvelinus species); Lake trout, brook trout, Arctic char, Dolly Varden, Whitefish and cisco (coregonus species and Prosopium species); Cisco or lake herring (Corengonus artedii); chub (coregonus species); grayling (thymallus Species)
- Tuna See: Mackerel
- Turbot See Flounder (some non kosher)


- Unicornfish See: Surgeonfish


- Wahoo See: Mackerel
- Walleye See: Perch
- Walleye pollock See: Codfish
- Warmouth See: Sunfish
- Weakfish See: Drum
- WhiteFish See: Trout, Tilefish
- Whiting See: Codfish, Hake, Drum
- Wrass (Family Labridae) including: Hogfish and aawas (Bodianus species); Hogfish or capitaine (Lachnolaimus maximus); Tautog or blackfish (Tautoga onitis); California sheephead or redfish (Pimelometopon pulchrum); Cunner, chogset, or bergall (Tautogolabrus adspersus)


- Yellowtail See: Jack

- Yellowtail snapper See Snapper

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  • APPLES – Must bear a reliable Hechsher
  • APRICOTS – DOMESTIC – No Hechsher required - unflavored.  Must be checked for infestation.
  • APRICOTS – TURKISH – No Hechsher required. Must be checked for infestation.
  • BANANA CHIPS – Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • BLUEBERRIES - Must bear a reliable Hechsher. Must be checked for infestation.  (WILD).
  • CAROB – BUXER - No Hechsher required. Must be checked for infestation.
  • CHERRIES - Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • COCONUT – UNSWEETENED – No Hechsher required – untoasted only.
  • COCONUT – SWEETENED – Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • CRAISINS - Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • DATES – GLAZED – Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • DATES –TUNISIAN – Tunisian dates in retail packaging should NOT be used.
  • DATES – WHOLE - No Hechsher required. (No oil) Cut open and check for infestation.
  • FIGS – WHOLE - No Hechsher required. Cut open and check for any discoloration or white worms. It is very difficult to check for infestation and preferable not to use.
  • FIGS – SLICED & DICED – Must bear a reliable Hechsher.  Must check for infestation.
  • GINGER - No Hechsher required.
  • KIWI - Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • MANGO - Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • NECTARINES - Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • PAPAYA – Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • PEACHES - Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • PEARS - Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • PINEAPPLE – Must bear a reliable Hechsher
  • PRUNES - Must bear a reliable Hechsher
  • SUGAR COATED FRUIT – Must bear a reliable Hechsher.


  • ALMONDS DRY ROASTED – Must bear a reliable Hechsher
  • ALMONDS RAW – No Hechsher required.
  • CASHEW NUTS RAW – No Hechsher required. Must be checked for infestation.
  • CASHEW NUTS ROASTED – Must bear a reliable Hechsher. Must be checked for infestation.
  • PEANUTS ROASTED - SHELLED – Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • PISTACHIO NUTS ROASTED – Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • PISTACHIO NUTS RAW – do not require a Hechsher.
  • SUNFLOWER SEEDS RAW – No Hechsher required.
  • SUNFLOWER SEEDS ROASTED – Must bear a reliable Hechsher.
  • WALNUTS RAW - No Hechsher required. Must be checked for infestation.




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