Fish Guide

Fish Guide

Introduction to Kosher Fish Guide

In order for a fish to be kosher, it must have the two signs the Torah gives: the fish must have fins and scales. In order to prove a fish kosher, the scales must be visible to the naked eye and they must be easy to remove from the skin of the fish, either by hand or with an instrument.

If a fish is not completely covered in scales – it only has several scales – it is still considered kosher.

The Following is a list of Fish that are Kosher and fine to use.
Albacore: See: Mackerel
Alewife: See: Herring
Amberjack: See: Jack
Anchovies: (Family Engraulidae). Including: European anchovy (Engraulis encrasciolus), North of California anchovy (Engraulis mordax).
Angelfish and butterfly fish: (Family Chaetodontidae). Including: Angelfish(Holacanthus species, Pomacanthus species).
Atlantic Pomfret or Ray’s Bream: (Brama brama)

Ballyhoo: See: Flyingfish
Barracuda: (Family Sphyraenidae) Including: Barracuda and kakus (Sphyraena species).
Bass, Sea Bass Temperate bass, Sunfish, Drums
Bigeye: (Family Priacanthidae). Including: Bigeyes or aweoweos (Priacanthus species).
Blackfish: See: Carp, Wrass
Blacksmith: See: Damselfish
Blueback: See: Flounder, Herring, Trout
Bluefish or snapper blue: (Pomatomus saltarix)
Bluegill: See: Sunfish
Bocaccio: See: Scorpionfish
Bombay duck (Harpadeon nehereus)
Bonefish (Albula vulpes)
Bonito See: Cobia, Mackerel
Bowfin Freshwater dogfish, or grindle (Amia calva)
Bream: See: Carp, Atlantic pomfret, Porgie
Brill: See: Flounder
Buffalo fish: See: Sucker
Burbot: See: Codfish
ButterFish: (Family Stromateidae), Including: Butterfish (Peprilus tracanthus);
Pacific pompano (Peprilus similimus); harvestfish (Peprilus species)
Butterfly fish: See: Angelfish

Cabrilla: See: Sea Bass
Calico bass See: Sunfish
Capelin See: Smelt
Carp and minnow (Family Cyprinidae), Including: the carp, leather carp, mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio); Crucian carp (Carassius carassius); Goldfish (Carassius auratus); tench (Tinca tinca); Splittail (Pogonichthys macrolepidotus); Squawfish (Ptychocheilus species); Scramento backfish or hardhead (Orthodon microlepidotus); Freshwater bream (Abramis species, Blicca species); Roach (Rutilus rutilus).
Carosucker See: Sucker
Caviar (Must be from a kosher fish) See: Trout and whitefish (salmon), Lumpsucker (non kosher), Sturgeon (non kosher).
Cero See: Mackerel
Channel bass See: Drums
Char See: Trout
Chilipepper See: Scorpionfish
Chinook salmon See: Trout
Chup See: Trout, Sea chubs
Cichlid (Family Chichilidae), Including: Tilapias (Tilapia species); Mozambique mouthbrooder (Tilapia mossambica); Cichlios (Cichlasoma species); Rio Grande perch (Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum)
Cigarfish See: Jack
Cisco See: Trout
Coalfish See: Codfish
Cobia, cabio, or black bonito (Rachycentron canadum) Cod, cultus, black, blue, or ling. See: Greenling, Sablefish
Codfish (Family Gadidae), Including: Cod (Gadus morhua), Haddock (Melanogrammus aegiefinus); Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus); Pollock, saithe, or coalfish (Pollachius virens); Walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma); Hake (Urophycis species); Whiting (Meriangiu meriangus); Blue whiting or poutassou (Micromesistius poutassou); Burbot, lawyer, or freshwater ling (lota lota); Tomcods or frostfish (Microgradus species).
Coho salmon See: Trout
Corbina or Corvina See: Drums
Cottonwick See: Grunts
Crapplie See: Sunfish
Creville See: Jack
Croacker See: Drums
Crucian carp See: Carp
Cubbyu See: Drums
Cunner See: Wrass

Dab See: Flounder
Damselfish (Family Pomacentridae). Including: Blacksmith (Chromis punctipinnis); Garibaldi (Hypsypops rubicunda).
Doctorfish See: Surgeonfish
Dolly Varden See: Trout
Dolphin fish or mahimahis (Coryphaena species) Not to be confused with the Mammal called Dolphin or Porpoise, which is non kosher.
Drums and croaker (Family Sciaenidae), Including: Seatrout and carvina (Cynoscion species); Weakfish (Cynoscion nebulosus); White seabass (Cynoscion nobillis); Croaker (micropogon species, Bairdiella species, Odontoscion species); Silver perch (Bairdiella chyrsura); White or King croaker (Genyonemus lineatus); Black croaker (cheilottena saturnum); Spotfin croaker (Roncadorstearnsi); Yellowfin croaker(Umbrinaroncador); Drums (Pogonias species, Stellifer species, Umbrina species); Red drum or channel bass (Sciaenops ocallata); Freshwater drum (Aplodinotus grunniens); Kingfish or king whiting (Menticirrhus species); California corbina (Menticirrhus undulatus); spot or lafayette (Leiostomus xanthurus); Queenfish (Seriphus politus); Cubbyu or ribbon fish (Equetus umbrosus).
Eulachon See: Smelt

Flounder (Families Bothidae and Pleuronectidae). Including: Flounder (Paralichthys species, Liopsetta species, Platichthys species,etc.); Starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus); Summer flounder or fluke (Paralichthys denatus); Yellowtail flounder (limanda ferrugina); Winter flounder, lemon sole or blackback (Pseudopleuronectes americanus); Halibut (Hippoglossus species); California halibut (Paralichthys Californicus); Bigmouth sole (Hippoglossina stomata); Butter of scalyfin sole (Isopsetta isolepis); “Dover” sole (Microstomus pacificus); “English” sole (Parophrys vetulus); Fantail sole (Xystreurys liolepis); Petrale sole (Eopsetta jordan); Rex sole (Glyptocephalus zichirus); Rock sole (Lepidopsetta bilineata); Sand Sole (Psettichthys melanostictus); Slender sole (Lyopsetta exillis); Yellowfin sole (Limanda aspera); Pacific turbots (Pleuronichthys species); Curlfin turbot or sole (Pleuronichthys decurrens); Diamond turbot (Hypsopsetta guttulata); Greenland turbot or halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides); Sanddab (Citharichthys species); Dab (Limanda species); American plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides); European plaice (Pleuronectes platessa); Brill (scophthalmus rhomus). But not including: European turbot (Scophthalmus maximus or Psetta maximus).
Fluke See: Flounder
Flyingfish and halfbeak (Family Exocoetidae); Flyingfish (Cypselurus species, and others); Ballyhoo or balao (Hemiramphus species).
Frostfish See: Codfish

Gag See: Sea bass
Garibaldi See: Damselfish
Giant kelpfish (Heterostichus rostratus)
Gizzard shad See: Herring
Goatfish or surmullet (Family Mullidae). Including: Goatfish (Mullus species, Pseudupeneus species); Wekes or goatfish (Mulloidichthys species, Upeneus species); Kumu (Parupeneus species); Red mullet (Mullus surmuletus).
Gobies (Family Gobidae), Including: Bigmouth sleeper or guavina (Gobiomorus dormitor); Sirajo goby (sicydium plumieri)
Goldeye and mooneye (Hiodon alosoides and Hiodon tergisus).
Goldfish See: Carp
Grayling See: Trout
Graysby See: Sea bass
Greenling (Family Hexagrammidae), Including: Greenling (Hexagrammos species); Kelp greenling or seatrout (Hexagrammos decagrammus); Lingcod, cultus orblue cod (Ophiodonelongatus); Atkamackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius).
Grindle See: Bowfin
Grouper See: Sea bass
Grunion See: Silversides
Grunt (Family Pomadasyldae), Including; Grunt (Haemulon species, Pomadasys species); Margate (Haemulon album); Tomtate (Haemulon aurolineattum); Cottonwick (Haemulon melanurum); Sailors choice (Haemulon parral); Porkfish (Anisotremus virginicus); Black margate (Anisotremus surinamensis); Sargo (Anisotremus davidsoni); Pigfish (Orthopristis chrysoptera).
Guavina See: Gobie

Haddock See: Codfish
Hake See also Codfish
Hake (Family Meriucciidae), Including: Hake (Merluccius species); Silver hake or whiting (Meriuccius bilinearis); Pacific hake or meriuccio (Meriuccius productus)
Halfbeak See: Flying fish
Halfmoon See: Sea chubs
Halibut See: Flounder
Hamlet See: Sea bass
Hardhead See: Carp
Harvestfish See: Butterfish
Hawkfish (Family Cirrhitidae). Including: Hawkfish (Cirrhitus species).
Herring (Family Clupeidae), Including: Atlantic and Pacific herring (Clupae harengus subspecies); thread herring (Opisthonema species); Shads (Alosa species); Shad or glut herring, or blueback (Alosa aestivalis); Hickory shad (Alosa mediocris); Alewife or river herring (Alosa pseudoharengus); Gizzard shads (Dorosoma species); Menhaden or mossbunker (Brevoortia species); Spanish sardines (Sardineila anchovia); European sardine or pilchard (Sardina pilchardus); Pacific sardine or pilchard (Sardinops sagax); Spart (Sprattus sprattus)
Hind: See: Sea bass
Hogchocker See: Sole
Hogfish: See: Wrass
Horse mackerel: See: Jack

Jack Mackerel See: Jack
Jack and Pompanos: (Family Charangidae) Including: Pompanos, palometas, and permits (Trachionotus species); Amberjacks and yellowtails (Seriola species); California yellowtail (Seriola dorsalls); Scads and cigarfish (Decapterus species, Selar species, Trachurus species); Jack mackerel or horse mackerel (Trachurus symmetricus); Jacks and uluas (Caranx species, Carangoides species); Crevalles (Caranx species); Blue runner (Caranx crysos); Rainbow runner (Elagatis bipinnulata); Moonfish (Vomer species); Lookdown (Selene vomer); Leatherback or lae (Scomberoides sanctipetri); BUT NOT INCLUDING: Leatherjacket (Oligoplites saurus).
Jacksmelt: See: Silverside
Jewfish: See: Sea bass
John Dory: (Zeus faber)

Kelpfish: See: Giant Kelpfish
Kingfish: See: Drum, mackerel,

Ladyfish, or tenpounder (Elops saurus)
Lafayette: See: Drum
Lake Herring: See: Trout
Lance or Launce: See: Sand lance
Largemouth bass: See: Sunfish
Lawyer: See: Codfish
Leatherback: See: Jack
Lingcod: See: Greenling
Lizardfish: (Family Synodontidae)
Lookdown: See: Jack

Mackerel: See also: Jack
Mackerel, Atka: See: Greenling
–  (Family Scombridae), Including: Mackerel (Scomber species, Scomberomorus species, Auxis species); Spanish mackerel, cero, and sierra (Scomberomorus species); King mackerel or kingfish (Scomberomorus cavalla); Bonitos (Sarda species); Wahoo (Acanthocybius solanderi); tuna (Thunnus species, Euthynnus species); Skipjack tuna (Euthynnus or Katsuwonus species); Albacore (thunnus alalunga) But not including: Snake mackerel
Mahimahi: See: Dolphin fish
Margate: See: Grunt
Menhaden: See: Herring
Menpachii: See: Squirrelfish
Merluccio: See: Hake
Milkfish or awa: (Chanos chanos)
Mojarras: (Family Gerreidae) including: Mojarras (Eucinostomus species, Gerres species, Diapterus species)
Monkeyface Prickleback: (Cebidichthys violaceus)
Mooneye: See: Goldeye
Moonfish: See: Jack
Mossbunker: See: Herring
Mouthbrooder: See: Cichlid
Mullet: See: Goatfish
Mullets: (Farnily Mugilidae) including: Mullets and amaamas (Mugil species); Uouoa (Neomyxus chaptallii); Mountain mullets or dajaos (agonostomus species)
Muskellunge: See: Pike
Mutton hamlet: See: Sea bass
Muttonfish: See: Snapper

Needlefish: (Family Beslonidae) Needlefish or marine gars (strongylura species, Tylosuru species)

Opaleye: See: Sea club

Palometa: See: Jack
Parrotfish: (Family Scaridae) including: Parrotfish and uhus (Scarus species, Siparisoma species)
Perch: See also: Temperate basses, Drums, Cichlid, Surfperch, Scorpionfish Perches (Family Percidae) including: Yellow perch (Perca flavescens); Walleye, pike perch, or yellow or blue pike (Stizostedion vitreum); Sauget (Stizostedion canadense)
Permit: See: Jack
Pickerel: See: Pike
Pigfish: See: Grunt
Pike: See also: Perch
Pike: (Family Esocidae) including; Pike (esox lucius); Pickerel (Esox species); Muskellunge (esox masquinongy)
Pikeperch: See: Perch
Pilchard: See: Herring
Pinfish: See: Porgie
Plaice: See: Flounder
Pollock: See Codfish
Pomfret: See: Atlantic Pomfret
Pompano: See: Jack, Butterfish
Porgie and sea bream: (Family Sparidae). Including: Porgie (Calamus species, Diplodus species, Pagrus species); Scup (Stenotomus chrysops); Pinfish (Lagodon rhomboides); Sheepshead (Archosargus probatocephalus)
Porkfish: See: Gruntt
Poutassou: See: Codfish
Prickleback: See: Monkeyface prickleback, Rockprickleback (non kosher).

Queenfish: See: Drum
Quillback: See: Sucker

Rabalo: See: Snook
Ray’s bream: See: Atlantic pomfret
Red snapper: See: Snapper Redfish See: Scorpionfish, Wrass
Roach: See: Carp
Rock bass: See: Sunfish
Rockhind: See: Sea bass
Rockfish: See: Scorpionfish. Temperate bass
Rosefish: See: Scorpionfish
Rudderfish: See: Sea chub
Runner: See: Jack

Sablefish or black cod (Anoplopoma fimbria)
Sailors choice: See: Grunt Saithe See: Codfish
Salmon: See: Trout
Sand lance, launce: (A mmodytes species)
Sardine: See: Herring
Sargo: See: Grunt
Sauger: See: Perch
Scad: See: Jack
Scamp: See: Sea bass
Schoolmaster: See: Snapper
Scorpionfish: (family Scorpaenidae), Including: Scorpionfish (Scorpaena species); California scorpionfish or sculpin (Scorpaena guttata); Nohus (Scorpaenopsis species); Redfish, rosefish, or ocean perch (Sebasters marinus); rockfish (Sebasters species, Sebastodes species); Pacific ocean perch (Sebastes alutus); Chilipepper (Sebastes goodel); Bocaccio (Sebastes paucipinus); Shortspine thornyhead or channel rockfish (Sebastolobus alascanus)
Scup: See: Porgie
Sea bass: See also: Temperate bass, drum Sea bass (Family Serranidae) including: Black sea bass (Centropristis species); Groupers (Epinephelus species, and Mycteroperca species); Rockhind (Epinephelus adscensionis); Speckled hind (Epinephelus drummondhayi); Red hind (Epinephelus guttatus); Jewfish (Epinephelus itajara); Spotted cabrilla (Epinephelus analogus); Gag (Mycteroperca microlepis); Scamp (Mycteroperca phenax); Graysby (petrometopon cruentatum); Mutton hamlet (Alphestes afer) Sand bass, kelp bass, and spotted bass (Paralabrax species)
Sea bream: See: Porgie
Sea chub: (Family Kyphosidae) including: Bermuda chug or rudderfish (Kyphosus sectatrix); Opaleye (Girella nigrican); Halfmoon (Medialuna californiensis)
Seaperch: See: Surfperch
Searobin: (Family Triglidae); Searobin (Prionotus species)
Seatrout: See: Drum, Greenling, Steelhead
Shad: See: Herring
Sheepshead: See: Porgie, Wrass
Sierra: See: Mackerel
Silverside: (Family Athernidae) including: Whitebait, spearing, or silversides (Menidia species); California grunion (Leurusthes tenuis); Jacksmelt (Atherinopsis californiensis); Topsmelt (Atherinops affinis)
Sirajo goby: See: Gobie
Skipjack: See Mackerel
Sleeper: See Gobie
Smallmouth: bass See Sunfish
Smelt: (Family Osmeridae) including: Smelt (Osmerus species); Capelin (Malotus villosus); Eullachon (Thaleichthys pacificus)
Snap: See: Bluefish
Snapper: (Family Lutjanidae) including: Snapper (Lutjanus species); Schoolmaster (Lutjanus apodus); Muttonfish or mutton snapper (Lutjanus analis); Red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus); Yellowtail snapper (Ocyurus chrysurus); Kalikali (Pristipomoides sieboldi); Opakapaka (Pristipomoides microlepis); Onaga (Etelis carbunculus)
Snook: (Family Centropomidae) including: Snook orrabalo (Centropomus species)
Sockeye salmon: See: Trout
Sole: See also: Flounder
Soles: (Family Soleidae), Including: Sole or true sole (solea solea); Lined sole (Achirus lineatus); Hogchoker (Trinectes maculatus).
Spadefish: (Family Ephippidae). Including: Spadefish (Chaetodipterus species)
Spanish mackerel: See: Mackerel
Spearing: See: Silverside
Splittail: See: Carp
Spot: See: Drum
Sprat: See: Herring
Squawfish: See: Carp
Squirrelfish: (Family Holocentridae), Including: Squirrelfish (Holocentrus species); Menpachii (Myripristis species).
Steelhead: See: Trout
Striped bass: See: Temperate bass
Sucker: (Family Catostomidae). Including: Buffalo fish (Ictiobus species); Suckers (Catostomus species, Moxostoma species); Quillback or carpsucker (Carpiodes species)
Sunfish:(Family Centrarchidae). Including: Freshwater bass (Micropterus species); Largemouth bass (Microterus salmoides); Smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui); – Sunfish (Lepomis species); Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus); Warmouth (Lepomis macrochirus); Rock bass or red eye (Ambloplites rupestris); Crappies or calico bass (Pomoxis species)
Surfperch: (Famly Embiotocidae). Including: Surfperch (Amphistichus species, Hyperprosopon species); Seaperch (Embiotoca species, Hypsurus species, Phanerodon species, Rhacochilus species); Blackperth (Embiotoca jacksoni); Pile perch (Rhacochilus vacca); Shiner perch (Cymatogaster aggregata).
Surgeonfish: (Family Acanthuridae). Including: Surgeonfish and tang (Acanthurus species, Zebrasoma species); Doctorfish (Acanthurus chirugus); Unicornfish or kalas (Naso species).

Tang: See: Surgeonfish
Tarpon: (Megalops atlantica)
Tautog: See: Wrass
Temperate bass: (Family Percichthyidae). Including: Striped bass or rockfish (morone saxatillis); Yellow bass (Morone mississippiensis); White bass (Morojne chrysops); White perch (Morone americana); Giant California sea bass (Stereolepis gigas)
Tench See: Carp
Tenpounder: See: Ladyfish
Threadfins: (Family polynemidae) including: Blue bobo (Polydactylus approximans); Barbu (Polydactylus virginicus); Moi (Polydactylus sexfilis)
Tilapia: See: Cichlid
Tilefish: (Family Branchiostegidae) including: tilefish (Logholatilus chamaeleonticeps) Ocean whitefish (Caulolatilus princeps)
Tomcod: See: Codfish
Tomtate: See: Grunt
Tomsmelt: See: Silverside
Tripletail: (Lobotes surinamensis)
Trout and whitefish: (Family Salmonidae) including: Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar); Pacific salmon (Oncorhtnchus species); Coho or silver salmon; sockeye, blueback or red salmon; chinook,                                                king or spring salmon; pink or humpback salmon; chum, dog or fall salmon, Trout (Salmo species) Brown trout, rainbow trout or steelhead, cutthroat trout, golden trout,                                                   Chars (Salvelinus species); Lake trout, brook trout, Arctic char, Dolly Varden, Whitefish and cisco (coregonus species and Prosopium species); Cisco or lake herring                                                            (Corengonus   artedii); chub (coregonus species); grayling (thymallus Species)
Tuna: See: Mackerel
Turbot: See Flounder (some non kosher)

Unicornfish: See: Surgeonfish

Wahoo: See: Mackerel
Walleye: See: Perch
Walleye pollock: See: Codfish
Warmouth: See: Sunfish
Weakfish: See: Drum
WhiteFish: See: Trout, Tilefish
Whiting: See: Codfish, Hake, Drum
Wrass: (Family Labridae) including: Hogfish and aawas (Bodianus species); Hogfish or capitaine (Lachnolaimus maximus); Tautog or blackfish (Tautoga onitis); California sheephead or redfish                                          (Pimelometopon pulchrum); Cunner, chogset, or bergall (Tautogolabrus adspersus)

Yellowtail: See: Jack
Yellowtail snapper: See Snapper